Jean-Paul Sartre’s work has been taken up by writers outside of Europe, particularly in the Global South, who have developed phenomenological and existential analyses of racism, colonialism, and other structures of domination. Sartre’s philosophical concepts are fundamentally open, for instance his notions of humanism, bad-faith, and freedom. As a situational, committed thinker, Sartre worked to illuminate the urgent questions of his time at the concrete and the abstract level. The creolization of Sartrean thinking is consistent with the existential projects of engagement, authenticity, political commitment, and liberation from oppression. This volume asks how his European model of phenomenology was (and can be) transformed when it is taken up by thinkers who have lived experience with colonialism. They book also engages Sartre in his relation to key interlocutors (especially Beauvoir and Fanon) who were influenced by him and who influenced him in turn. The book demonstrates how Sartrean philosophy is productively related to Africana philosophy, Africana phenomenology, and Africana existentialism. This volume treats creolization not as a discrete topic, but as an interdisciplinary, global approach to reading and thinking. Each author’s contribution embodies an aspect of creolizing thinking, understood as the articulation of cultural and conceptual hybridity under conditions of eurocentrism, epistemic colonialism and the legacies of slavery. Creolizing Sartre re-reads Sartrean texts to recast existential themes through the lens of Caribbean philosophies and the broader philosophies of the Global South.
Contributors: Lawrence Bamikole, Sybil Newton Cooksey, James Haile III, Paget Henry, T Storm Heter, Thomas Meagher, Michael J. Monahan, Anthony Sean Neal, Nathalie Nya, Kris F. Sealey, Hiroaki Seki, Jonathan Webber.
Kris F. Sealey is professor of philosopher at Penn State University and the author of Moments of Disruption: Levinas, Sartre, and the Question of Transcendence and Creolizing the Nation.
T Storm Heter, is professor of philosophy at East Stroudsburg University. He is director of the Frederick Douglass Institute for Intercultural Studies at East Stroudsburg University, and Co-Director of the Race Relations Program at East Stroudsburg University. He is the former president of the Sartre Society is also co-editor, with LaRose T. Parris and Devin Zane Shaw, of the Living Existentialism book series.
T Storm Heter and Kris Sealey
Chapter 1: Sartre's Existentialism and the Communal Thesis in Afro-Caribbean Philosophy
Chapter 2: Mile’s Smiles: Mid-Century Portraits of Fugitive Improvisation
Sybil Newton Cooksey
Chapter 3: The Being of Becoming, the Becoming of Being: Sartre and Jazz Improvisation: Some Preliminary Thoughts
James Haile III
Chapter 4: Wilson Harris and the Creolizing of Sartre
Chapter 5: The Global South and Sartre: Echoes of Existential Thought
Chapter 6: Creolized Reflection
Chapter 7: Racial Praxis: Black Liberation and the Movement From Series to Group
Michael J. Monahan
Chapter 8: Race and Functional Ultimacy: Choosing Freedom
Anthony Sean Neal
Chapter 9: Reversing the Gaze, Sartre’s Preface to Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth
Chapter 10: Ōe Kenzaburō and Pursuit of Authenticity through the Imagination: Creolizing Sartre in Japan?
Chapter 11: Transcendental Phenomenology Meets Negritude Poetry
About the Contributors
Deploying creolizing as an interdisciplinary, critical method for taking up Sartre’s work, the chapters in this volume engage such notions as ontology, freedom, and humanism from the lived, material conditions of colonialism, settler colonialism, and the afterlives of enslavement. The book is a must-read for scholars seeking to expand their strategic, philosophical toolkits and further develop liberatory practices that speak to the pressing ethical-political issues of our day.